It’s time I got back to the task of building up my portfolio of small-cap, low-debt, deep-value investments.
This week the target is Promethean World, a company which makes interactive and collaborative technologies for education and business; think of whiteboards that you can write on and then move around what you’ve just written by touch.
If you’re a bit of a technical luddite like me, then click on this link and watch the video (click the orange button labelled ‘video’).
I think my jaw literally dropped when I saw those kids moving things around on screen and drawing objects which then became movable. Amazing. When I was in school, the interaction was mostly between a piece of chalk and a blackboard.
The company started life in 1997, selling software for meetings and presentations. Over time it moved into hardware, and in 2005 Graham Howe (ex co-founding director of Orange) became chairman. It now operates globally and has a market cap of over £100 million, although this is down somewhat from the £200 million plus after the IPO back in 2010.
The good, the bad and the intangible
As always, I’m following a checklist approach to investing, this time using my 21st century net-net checklist.
The first check is for net cash; in other words, more cash than there are borrowings. In this case, there’s a rather healthy £21.8 million cash balance in the bank and no borrowings whatsoever. That’s a nice position to be in.
The second check is that the current market cap is below the annual revenue. This rules out companies that are not generating enough sales to really be considered ‘cheap’. In this case, sales are over £200 million, while the market cap is around £140 million.
Finally, the company needs to have a price-to-book ratio below 1, although the aim is to have this ratio as low as possible. With book value standing at about £220 million, the market cap is well below that amount, so the ratio is 0.6.
At this point, some deep value investors will point out that the company is actually trading at about twice the tangible book value, which takes account only of hard physical assets and ignores patents, brand names and economic goodwill (the amount paid in an acquisition above the acquiree’s tangible book value).
It’s quite reasonable to be suspicious of intangible assets, after all, they are intangible, so nobody can actually see them or measure them definitively. Ben Graham would almost certainly only have looked at tangible assets. However, I’m more lenient, and I’m willing to give intangibles the benefit of the doubt. If a company has intangible assets, I assume that it can generate earnings at some point to justify their existence.
Time to man up and invest
I don’t like to drag out these small-cap analyses. Deep analysis is not the point. The point is that the process of stock selection and portfolio management is sound, hopefully to such an extent that deep analysis of each stock is not important – or at least that deep analysis won’t improve results.
So here we have a company that’s been around since 1997, which went public in 2010, is a globally active small-cap but not micro-cap. It makes money, pays a dividend (with a yield of almost 4% at the current price of 68p) and has a zero debt balance sheet.
I think it’s more than worthy of a spot in my 21st-century net-net portfolio, so I’ve put £1,350 of the original £50,000 virtual pot of cash into it. That’s about 1/36th of the total, as I’m now aiming for 36 holdings.